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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Sudan: The Sudanese Capitalist Class and the Question of Fractions of Capital
Author:Mahmoud, Fatima B.
Year:1989
Periodical:Journal of African Marxists
Issue:11
Period:February
Pages:26-32
Language:English
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:bourgeoisie
economic history
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Abstract:The relationship between the State and the capitalist class in Sudan can be analysed within two periods, the colonial and the postcolonial. During the colonial period, the State was the vehicle of surplus appropriation. There were two emergent strands of local capital fractions: agriculture, the domain of the leader of the Ansar religious sect, Sayid Abdul Rahman Almahdi, and circulation capital, i.e. trade, the domain of Sayid Ali Almirghani, who allied with the Turko-Egyptians and the leader of the Khatmiya religious sect. Neither was capable, however, of economic dominance vis--vis the colonial State. After independence, instead of developing along the lines of fractionalization, the capitalist undertakings between the two competing groups fossilized. The nature of the class interests of the agricultural and commercial blocs has meant an extensive overlap in the economic activities of the different fractions, and this overlap serves as a source of political and economic cohesion. Application of Poulantzas' 'fractions of capital' concept to the Sudanese State and the bourgeois class is thus beset with theoretical and empirical difficulties. Ref.
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