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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Islamic resurgence, politics and economics in contemporary Egypt
Authors:Heinrich, H.-G.
Es-Sawi, AliISNI
Periodical:Zeitschrift für Afrikastudien
Geographic term:Egypt
political conditions
political history
Abstract:The political history of 20th-century Egypt falls into three distinct periods: the prerevolutionary ancient regime, Nasser's socialist experiment, and Sadat's attempt at ushering in modernization through the imitation of Western models. Mubarak's administration is characterized by a definite personal leadership style of moderation but his middle of the road government has not yet developed into a distinct political system that could exist independently from its leader. Contemporary Egyptian political culture is a mix of deep-rooted normativism and conservative dogmatism alongside relativist orientations and highly pragmatist attitudes. Islam is the unquestioned framework of daily life. Islam is, moreover, universally accepted as the form of public discourse. Varieties of political Islam can be instrumentalized for all political tendencies and camps, including Marxism and liberalism. Economic Islam emerged in its main form of the Islamic Money and Investment Companies (IMICs) in the 1970s. However it is not Islam, in all these various aspects, that changes Egyptian society, but conversely, the needs, aspirations and problems of contemporary Egypt that are reflected in the various Islamic currents. Bibliogr., sum. in English and German.