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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Political mobilisation in Tumahole, 1984-1985
Author:Seekings, J.ISNI
Periodical:Africa Perspective
Geographic terms:South Africa
Subjects:local politics
Abstract:This paper is a critical interpretation of processes of political mobilization and transformation in one township in South Africa, Tumahole, outside the northern Orange Free State town of Parys. From July 1984, Tumahole residents engaged in a series of overt political protests and established several new extra-State organizations. Protest first revolved around the interrelated issues of rent increases, the community council, and intra-township political relations. In 1985 the range of mobilization widened, with students taking up educational grievances, a Youth congress organizing over transport and shop prices, and trade unions organizing in Parys. However, the social composition of mobilizations as well as the patterns of protest began to change, in part because of rising repression and the influence of events in other townships, but also because of the particular dynamics of political mobilization within Tumahole. By late 1985 politics in Tumahole had become increasingly 'militarized', with the relative and absolute demobilization of several groups of township residents concurrent with the very rapid mobilization of others. Notes, ref.