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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Women Stay on the Farm No More: Changing Patterns of Rural-Urban Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author:Gugler, JosefISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Women's Issues
Urbanization and Migration
Labor and Employment
Cultural Roles
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/160855
Abstract:Contrary to the generalization commonly made about sub-Saharan Africa, women predominate in many urban populations. Since the 1960s, as shown by data for Kenya, South Africa, and Tanzania, a new pattern in the urbanization of sub-Saharan Africa has become generalized: urban workers have been joined by their wives and children, but maintain strong ties with the rural area to which they intend to retire. Four factors may be adduced that have weakened the economic rationale for the families of urban workers to stay on the land: 1) increased urban incomes have made the cost of foregoing the income to be derived from operating the family farm less significant; 2) the adverse pricing policy of marketing boards has reduced the receipts to be earned from growing cash crops; 3) the widening gap between urban and rural living conditions has escalated the costs of foregoing urban amenities; and 4) more women have found urban employment. Notes, ref.