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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Tobacco in Zimbabwe
Author:Kille, T.
Periodical:Heritage of Zimbabwe
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Abstract:Historical review of Zimbabwe's tobacco industry. The first detailed record of a tobacco crop planted by a pioneer in the country concerns one that was grown by Lionel Cripps in Umtali (Mutare) in 1894-1895. Prior to the arrival of the settlers, various varieties of tobacco were grown by the indigenous population. The year 1903 stands out as one of the most eventful in Rhodesia tobacco history, for in that year E.H. South produced the first flue-cured tobacco and thus founded the industry which has since played an important part in the development of the country. Today, tobacco remains one of the principal mainstays of the Zimbabwe economy with the 1985/86 flue-cured tobacco crop expected to realize in the region of 360 million Z. dollars (215 million US dollars) and accounting for at least 20 percent of Zimbabwe's foreign exchange earnings. (This article first appeared in the centennial issue of 'Tobacco International', 1986.)