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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Institutional forms of government: agricultural marketing in Tanzania
Author:Nindi, B.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:agricultural cooperatives
marketing cooperatives
economic policy
Abstract:Historically, cooperatives in Tanzania were tangential to food crop production. Institutional State intervention in produce markets in Tanzania goes back to the 1930s, when the first cooperative union was organized by peasants with colonial State encouragement for the purpose of marketing coffee. The postcolonial State created the National Agricultural Production Board (NAPB) in 1963 as an umbrella for cooperative grain trading. The 1960s witnessed a rapid expansion of cooperatives. This cooperative marketing system dissolved not so much due to its severe defects in terms of pricing structure and procedures, but rather because it was overtaken by broader political and economic events resulting from the Government's decision to undertake the compulsory villagization of the rural population. The 1975 Village Act declared villages to be multipurpose cooperatives. The Government also created new parastatal crop authorities with powers to procure crops directly from villages. By 1976 cooperatives were formally abolished. The parastatal marketing system which succeeded the cooperatives proved eventually to be deeply flawed. Its entire financial situation got out of control, and in 1981 the Government decided to return to a cooperative marketing system. Bibliogr., sum.