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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'The Cows of Nongoloza': Youth, Crime and Amalaita Gangs in Durban, 1900-1936
Author:La Hausse, Paul
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:street children
juvenile delinquency
Urbanization and Migration
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Law, Human Rights and Violence
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2636641
Abstract:In South Africa during the first decades of the 20th century forms of youth organization and culture emerged amongst African migrants in towns. Based on oral and archival sources, this article disaggregates, periodizes and constructs an understanding of those forms of cultural organization which came to be known as amalaita. In Durban the amalaita emerged in the wake of the massive social dislocation experienced by African societies in Natal and Zululand in the late 19th century. It is argued that they were first and foremost migrant youth organizations whose members adapted a repertoire of Zulu rural cultural practices and forms of self-organization to cope with new conditions of life in town. Although the amalaita cannot be described as 'political' in any advanced sense, their organization and consciousness could, at times, provide the basis of more concerted challenges to local political authority. Notes, ref., sum.