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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The protection of human rights in the case of supranational economic integration
Author:Devine, D.J.ISNI
Periodical:South African Journal on Human Rights
Geographic term:Southern Africa
Subjects:international economic relations
European Union
human rights
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/02587203.1990.11827797
Abstract:States are not the only public authorities which may disregard human rights. International organizations are also public authorities and so in principle they are also capable of disregard. Notably international organizations of a supranational character, which can enact laws which bestow rights and impose duties on individuals directly, have the capacity to violate human rights. The protection of human rights therefore arises whenever States decide to integrate economically and establish supranational institutions. The article first examines how the Europeans who established the EC have made certain efforts to see that their supranational institutions respect human rights. This is done by a description of human rights developments in the EC and of the current basis of human rights protection against community institutions. Then it turns to Southern Africa where models of economic integration often reflect characteristics of the EC (e.g. the SADCC). It is not inconceivable that at some time in the future, various States in Southern Africa could decide to integrate economically. In order to ensure respect for human rights by future supranational organizations in Southern Africa, the article ends by summing up the lessons which can be learned from the EC example. Notes, ref.