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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Integration in francophone Africa
Author:Soremekun, KayodeISNI
Periodical:Quarterly Journal of Administration
Geographic term:French-speaking Africa
Subjects:Union du Maghreb Arabe
Communauté Économique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest
Abstract:Various countries of francophone Africa have, since independence, involved themselves in integrative efforts, in order to cope better with socioeconomic problems arising from underdevelopment. This article discusses several of such efforts. First, the Central African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC) is evaluated, which was created in 1964 and was made up of Chad, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo and Gabon. The author examines its objectives, institutions, schisms within the organization, and forces which have facilitated the task of integration in this part of the continent, where the influence of France plays an important role. This pervasive French influence can also be seen in the integrative effort made by the CEAO (Communauté économique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest), which is discussed next. This body, which came into being in 1973, consists of six States: Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Burkina Faso. In North Africa, a similar situation obtains, save for the role of the Arab League, which has attempted to ensure that States like Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco are disposed towards the League, rather than to any inter-State cooperation within the Maghreb. Special attention is paid to the 'Comité permanent consultatif du Maghreb' and the Maghreb Commission on Trade Relations. The author concludes that integrative efforts can only succeed if the various units could come together, irrespective of erstwhile colonial ties. Notes, ref.