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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Islamization in Sudan: a critical assessment
Author:Fluehr-Lobban, C.ISNI
Year:1990
Periodical:Middle East Journal
Volume:44
Issue:4
Pages:610-623
Language:English
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:Islam
political conditions
minority groups
politics
Shari'a
External link:http://search.proquest.com/pao/docview/1290749434
Abstract:This article examines the political Islamization trend in Sudan by discussing the deep historical roots of Islamization in northern regions and the fears of Islamization throughout the southern regions. The complex role that the 19th-century slave trade played in laying the foundation for the fear of foreigners and traders from the north, together with an (erroneous) belief that the trade was Muslim and condoned by Islam, laid the basis for north-south suspicion and division. In Sudan, Islamic revival and nationalist pride derive from the period of the independent Mahdist State (1885-1898), when various Sudanese peoples in the northern regions were united and the alien rulers driven out. The Mahdist effort to conquer and Islamize the south is still recalled in southern political discourse as a bitter moment in their history. During the period of the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium (1898-1956), their was a consciously different and unequal treatment of both regions. After the period of British rule, the political agenda was set to expand the role of Islam in government. Events in 1983 (when it was decreed that the sharia would be State law) epitomize the assertion that Islamization and the fear of Islamic domination are deeply related in Sudan. Today, the 'enemies' of Islamization are Sudanese nationals - southerners and northern secularists. Pursuit of the Islamist agenda in Sudan will continue to be met with resistance and will be found to be inconsistent with the maintenance of national unity. Notes, ref.
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