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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The 'sharia' in Sudan: implementation and repercussions, 1983-1989
Author:Warburg, G.R.ISNI
Periodical:Middle East Journal
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:political conditions
minority groups
Islamic law
External link:http://search.proquest.com/pao/docview/1290749469
Abstract:In September 1983 President Jaafar al-Numayri officially announced the implementation of the 'sharia' in Sudan. This article discusses the political and intellectual development of the 'Islamic path' as a basis for policy under Numayri. An examination of Numayri's self-proclaimed 'Islamic path' (starting in 1977 and ending in 1985) reveals its complete failure, even among its most natural supporters. Numayri's policy included the implementation of the 'hudud', which, amongst others, involved public amputations of hands for stealing, and the implementation of the 'zakat' and taxation act in the economic sphere. One of the gravest repercussions of Numayri's Islamic phase was the renewal of hostilities in the south in 1983. Within two weeks after Numayri's disposal in 1985, some 40 political parties announced their existence. Among them were the National Islamic Front (NIF), the Umma Party of the Ansar sect, and the Khatmiyya Sufi order. The Umma Party won the 1986 elections and Sadiq al-Mahdi became Prime Minister. His policy in the years 1986-1989 cannot be reconciled with the more liberal views he had expressed previously. This was especially true with regard to his adamant refusal to revoke the Islamic laws that he himself had previously labeled as un-Islamic and that he realized constituted a major stumbling block in north-south relations. The problems alluded to by Sadiq as having led to Numayri's downfall not only remained unresolved under Sadiq, but were also exacerbated. Notes, ref.