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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Differences in Earning, Labour Inputs, Decision-Making and Perception of Development between Farm and Market: A Case Study in Zambia
Authors:Due, Jean M.ISNI
Jones, Macia
Periodical:Eastern Africa Economic Review
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Zambia
Central Africa
Subjects:women farmers
household income
market women
women's work
Labor and Employment
Economics and Trade
Women's Issues
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Cultural Roles
Economics, Commerce
Women employees
Agricultural laborers
Agricultural income
Abstract:This study comparing farm and market women grew out of a larger study documenting the labour inputs of males and females in Zambian small-scale farming (farms of 25 acres or less) and the contributions of females to household incomes. At the same time as the 112 farm families were interviewed, 30 market women in the three nearest market towns were selected to compare their labour inputs, earnings, perceptions of development and decisionmaking regarding cash income earned. The sample was drawn in three areas of Zambia differentiated by level of agricultural development in 1982: Mpika in Northern Province, Mumbwa in Central Province, and Mazabuka in Southern Province. It became clear that the rural population is not homogeneous. Significant differences were found in the average earnings and hours worked at their professions and at household tasks between farm and market women within the same culture and areas. There were not, however, significant differences in women's ability to make decisions on their own or their husband's cash earnings. Farm and market women also differed in ways in which economic development could assist them. Farm women wanted improvements in farming (labour-saving devices, higher farm prices, better inputs), credit, clinics and wells. Market women wanted improved markets, credit, cooperatives for women, schools and clinics. Each group saw evidence of economic development having occurred in their areas during the last ten years. Bibliogr., notes.