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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Conflicting Values between the Traditional Socialization System and the Modern Formal Educational System and the Consequences for the Girls: With the Case of the Kikuyu
Author:Egsmose, Ragna K.
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
child rearing
Cultural Roles
Education and Training
Women's role
Kikuyu (African people)
educational systems
Abstract:Girls growing up within a traditional society in the Kikuyu area (Nyeri District, Central Province, Kenya) are subjected to two different systems of socialization: the primary socialization in the family, and the secondary socialization taking place in the formal education system. After their marriage, the young women, like their mothers, will be responsible for the production of the family's daily needs, as well as the reproduction of the working force and the next generation. These functions have been only sporadically anticipated by the formal educational system, where the theoretical teaching has aimed at pupils' continuation in the educational system producing qualifications with an academic content. The school is usually segregated from the local community, and thus the girls live in two separate worlds, where a different behaviour and other sets of norms apply, and this might create a double identity. Furthermore, the idea of solidarity and community belonging as it is practised in traditional society is not emphasized by the school system, which encourages individual competition. These and other contradictions between the two socialization systems are discussed in this article. Bibliogr.