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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Apartheid and education: the present situation
Author:Kallaway, P.ISNI
Periodical:Genève-Afrique: acta africana
Geographic term:South Africa
educational reform
Abstract:This article deals with the educational mutations going on in South Africa as the political and social scene changes. Since the 1970s, activists, educationalists and sociologists have looked to the ideas or models put forward by Paulo Freire and the educational experiences of China, Cuba, Tanzania, Guinea-Bissau and Mozambique. The National Education Crisis Committee and the 'People's Education' movement have been massively informed by these rural educational strategies. But very seldom a distinction is made between 'political education' or 'conscientization' on the one hand, and the realities and constraints of constructing a postapartheid educational system, on the other. On the part of the government, the 'reform' of apartheid education in the face of ever-increasing resistance has been part of the reorientation of Nationalist politics during the 1980s. The most significant event was the declaration of the government's intention to allow 'Open Schools' (i.e. white State schools were for the first time allowed to accept black pupils). However, it would be naive to believe that the goals of People's Education were anywhere near to being met at the present time. A great deal of political work and educational research needs to be undertaken to gain a more sophisticated grasp on the nature of the changes in process. Notes, ref.