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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Hygiene in Three Communities: A Case Study of Behaviour Related to Hygiene
Author:Bourdillon, M.F.C.ISNI
Year:1990
Periodical:Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)
Volume:5
Issue:1
Pages:59-71
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Subjects:health
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Health and Nutrition
Medicine, Nutrition, Public Health
hygiene
Field research
Social behaviour
Abstract:This sociological study of behaviour related to hygiene took place in conjunction with a microbiological study on the practice and effectiveness of different forms of hand washing. The study was conducted in three areas of Zimbabwe in 1987: a traditional village in Chihota Communal Land, a periurban area (Epworth, near Harare), and three selected commercial farms. Hygiene practices, such as bathing, hand washing before meals, and hand washing after toilet use, were found to be more regular in the traditional village than in the other two areas. Traditional knowledge and practices to do with health and hygiene are often effective, even when the knowledge behind them does not conform to scientific norms. Moreover, the mere provision of readily available water does not of itself create better hygiene. However, data on the incidence of disease was not adequate for any statistical analysis. Abstr., bibliogr., notes.
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