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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Work Attitudes and Life Goals of Zambian Youth
Author:Osei-Hwedie, Kwaku
Periodical:Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Zambia
Central Africa
work attitudes
Labor and Employment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Young workers
Social values
Abstract:This paper focuses on work attitudes and life goals of youth in Zambia. Based on information from interviews conducted with a cross-sectional multistage sample of 1101 male and female adolescents, the author investigates whether the youth have their own goals or accept societal ones, what they consider to be important means to success, and whether these are in line with societal prescriptions and norms, and their feelings about work and their general occupational preferences. He discusses the findings in terms of Merton's (1968) anomie theory, in which Merton identifies five responses - conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism and rebellion - that people make to the demands of social situations, institutionalized opportunities and goals. In terms of conformity, Zambian youth seem to have accepted both the cultural goals and the institutionalized means of achieving these goals. A degree of innovation among the less educated (primary school and below) was identified, i.e. while they accepted socially approved goals they also accepted both socially approved and disapproved means of achieving them. From the data, Zambian youth did not show ritualism, retreatism or rebellion as ways of adjusting to their circumstances of living. Bibliogr.