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Title:The management of water and irrigation: the Blue Nile
Author:Tvedt, TerjeISNI
City of publisher:The Hague
Publisher:Institute of Social Studies
Geographic terms:Egypt
Subjects:international agreements
water management
Abstract:Arguing that the water question is a slowly detonating bomb in the Horn of Africa, this paper reviews some past experiences with Nile water management in order to indicate conflict areas and possible forms of cooperation. The focus is on the Blue Nile and its riparian States, Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia. It is shown that, contrary to expectations, the downstream State of Egypt has been the stronger negotiator and by far the most favoured by past water sharing agreements, followed by Sudan. But this imbalance is coming under increasing pressure due to the problems in the Horn. It will require great statesmanship on the part of all the riparian States to reach a rational and just water management agreement.