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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Post-independence trends in education in Zimbabwe
Authors:Edwards, G.ISNI
Tisdell, C.ISNI
Periodical:South African Journal of Economics
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:educational policy
educational financing
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1813-6982.1990.tb00957.x
Abstract:The Republic of Zimbabwe came into existence on 18 April 1980 when the leader of the ZANU-PF party, Robert Mugabe, was inaugurated as the nation's first democratically elected Prime Minister. In the campaign which preceded the elections education had become an important issue. ZANU-PF plans for reform of the educational system involved free and universal primary education, expansion of the secondary school system, and the introduction of reforms which would provide for a more scientific and technical bias to curricula, particularly within secondary schools. The main part of the paper is devoted to a description of trends in primary, secondary and tertiary education enrolments and costs in the period 1980-1984. Trends in teacher training and vocational training enrolments and costs are also discussed. The paper shows that the burden of tertiary education is very high in comparison with the other levels of education in particular primary and secondary education. Teacher training also places a considerable burden on the country's financial resources. As a multiple of GNP per capita, however, both of these are now falling. The real cost of primary education has risen over the period while the real cost of secondary education has shown a steady decline. Bibliogr., ref.