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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agricultural development versus environmental conservation in Tanzania: the case of tobacco production
Author:Misana, S.B.
Year:1988
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs
Volume:15
Issue:2
Pages:1-10
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
Subjects:environment
tobacco
deforestation
Agriculture, Agronomy, Forestry
agricultural development
Environmental protection
Abstract:Tanzania's efforts to maximize income and foreign exchange earnings from tobacco since the 1967 Arusha Declaration have masked the importance of sustainable rural development. Increased tobacco production has simultaneously meant the depletion of miombo woodlands because emphasis has been placed on the expansion of tobacco production without due attention to the environmental consequences of shifting cultivation and the high demand for fuelwood for tobacco curing. As a result, large-scale deforestation has occurred and environmental degradation in the form of soil erosion and desertification is becoming widespread in all tobacco growing areas. A balance between agricultural development and environmental conservation must be regained and woodland management and conservation is essential if the production of tobacco is to be sustained. Bibliogr.
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