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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Building brigades and urban low cost shelter provision in Zimbabwe: a case study of Marondera
Author:Mutizwa-Mangiza, N.D.
Periodical:Review of Rural and Urban Planning in Southern and Eastern Africa
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Subjects:urban housing
construction industry
Management, Public Administration
Marondera (Zimbabwe)
housing construction
housing policy
Abstract:In 1982, the government of Zimbabwe adopted building brigades as a key mode of low-cost housing construction. Building brigades were to be attached and responsible to local authorities, and their activities would encompass the following: construction and renovation of low-cost houses, construction of standard design social facilities such as schools and clinics, and manufacture of building materials. Five years later, it was clear that building brigades were of less importance than was initially hoped. This paper is a case study of the implementation of the building brigades policy in one medium-size town, Marondera. It attempts a preliminary evaluation of the policy and puts forward some hypotheses on why building brigades have declined in importance. The case study suggests that building brigades have failed to create security of employment among brigade workers and have not been able to lower construction costs, and have also proved very difficult to manage. In addition, their organizational structure, which is very different from the more successful Cuban brigades, has had some inherent contradictions right from the beginning. Abstr., ref.