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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Planning and development of human settlements in Tanzania
Author:Mosha, A.C.
Year:1989
Periodical:Review of Rural and Urban Planning in Southern and Eastern Africa
Issue:1
Period:November
Pages:15-42
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
Subjects:villagization
settlement patterns
rural planning
urban planning
urbanization
Human settlements
rural housing
ujamaa
Abstract:This paper examines the planning and development of human settlements in urban and rural areas in Tanzania. The history of these settlements is outlined, followed by an examination of developments made over time and strategies adopted by the government to plan these settlements. With respect to urban settlements, the author discusses urban growth and urban policy from colonial times onward, paying attention to, amongst others, the impact on urban development of the 1967 Arusha Declaration, and urban policy performance. Implementation of the urban settlement policies and programmes has been slow. An examination of rural settlement planning first deals with precolonial and colonial settlements. Precolonial settlement patterns were closely linked to the agricultural system practised at that time. Thus, shifting agricultural settlements, grazing settlements, and permanent cluster settlements were found. German and British rule added several hundred colonial villages. With independence came the birth of ujamaa (socialist) villages. The author discusses the origins, aims and planning of the ujamaa settlements, as well as the implications of the ujamaa villages programme with respect to the agricultural transformation programme, the rural settlement system, and rural society and its culture in general. In some areas ujamaa villages mushroomed and in others they never succeeded. To date, the spirit of ujamaa continues, although the number of people moving to such villages is not growing that fast. Abstr., bibliogr.
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