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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Land reform and development strategy in Zimbabwe: State, class and agrarian lobby
Authors:Moyo, S.ISNI
Skalness, T.
Periodical:Review of Rural and Urban Planning in Southern and Eastern Africa
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Subjects:land reform
economic policy
agricultural policy
rural development
Land settlement
development planning
Abstract:This paper analyses the reasons why land reform in Zimbabwe has been rather slow in the now ten years since independence in 1980. Two major perspectives on this issue can be abstracted from the current literature. One perspective emphasizes autonomous State nonaction being a result of great economic costs involved in the land reform exercise. The other perspective denies the economic 'irrationality' of land redistribution and seeks to locate the slowness of change in a balance of external and internal class forces that is unconducive to structural change. The authors' position is broadly that the economic rationality issue is unresolved due to the constricted nature of the debate within Zimbabwe. The perspective of the debate should be changed: a major transformation of the economic and social structure such as land reform should be evaluated not only in terms of short-term benefits and risks, but first and foremeost in terms of the overall strategy of economic development that the country appears to have set for itself. At the moment this strategy is not transformation to socialism but more simply a shift from import-substituting industrialization to export-led growth within a basically capitalist organization of production. Bibliogr., notes, ref.