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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Inculturationist theology and the present African predicament
Author:Ughwogho, M.
Periodical:Orita: Ibadan Journal of Religious Studies
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:African theology
Abstract:The thesis of this paper is that an inculturationist or culturalist theology, even at its most radical level, in the form of liberation theology, as currently under discussion in Africa, cannot make a progressive contribution to the solution of the present African problem, because it lacks critical analysis. The author examines the liberation theological variant advocated by Mercy Amba Oduyoye ('The value of African religious beliefs and practices for Christian theology', in 'African theology en route', ed. by S. Torres and Kofi Appiah-Kubi, New York, 1981). This variant is based on the ideology of communalism which, according to Oduyoye, is a cultural heritage unique to Africa. The present author argues that communalism is not unique to Africa, and that African communalism is marked by class differentiation and engenders the exploitation and oppression of one class by another. Any theology based on this ideology, instead of contributing to the solution of the present African problem, will legitimize and at best compromise it. Even pure communalism, which has no class differentiation, cannot form the ideological presupposition of a theology that will contribute to the solution of Africa's present problems, unless it graduates into scientific socialism. However, in spite of the limitations of her liberation theology, Oduyoye still deserves credit for presenting something for African progressive or liberation theologians to work on. Ref.