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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Intimate Colonialism: The Imperial Production of Reproduction in Uganda, 1907-1925
Author:Summers, Carol
Periodical:Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
Geographic terms:Uganda
Great Britain
Subjects:population policy
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Women's Issues
History and Exploration
Health and Nutrition
Cultural Roles
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
Abstract:British concern over the reproduction of the population and society of Uganda intensified from 1907 through 1924. The population appeared to be decreasing, which meant a labour shortage capable of threatening the prosperity and viability of the protectorate. The British colonizers and the African elite built a population crisis from a collection of beliefs and data. The perceived severity of this crisis - and the response it evoked - changed over the years. That response began as a straightforward medical attempt to treat the ill, notably those diagnosed with syphilis. After the World War, though, 'social hygiene' became an important therapeutic tool, and the administration worked to instill shame and to change the sexual behaviour of individuals. At the end of the war, the administration medical service and its missionary allies promoted motherhood through the Maternity Training School (MTS) in an effort to make more women reproduce and to make them better mothers. And in the 1920s, the administration and the missions attempted to shape African family structures and private life by employing midwives trained by the MTS in health and education initiatives. Notes, ref.