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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Iron Age Settlement around Mkiu, South-Eastern Tanzania
Authors:Fawcett, W.B.
Laviolette, A.
Periodical:Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
Iron Age
Anthropology and Archaeology
Anthropology, Folklore, Culture
Mikui, Tanzania
Archaeological sites
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/00672709009511405
Abstract:In 1987 the archaeological field school of the University of Dar es Salaam investigated a series of Iron Age settlements in the vicinity of Mkiu, lying in the hinterland about 100 km south of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Each of the 56 subareas of the 23-sq-km study area was examined through interviewing local people, surface inspection and shovel test-pitting and augering to locate twelve major scatters with various amounts of smelting debris, pottery and daub. Although the scale of the investigation was limited, a number of tentative conclusions can be made concerning the archaeology of Mkiu. Occupation of the settlements spans at least a millennium and a half, but sites never grew beyond the size of small villages. The nature of the relationship between the Mkiu area and the coast is not clear. A few glass beads and bits of copper were the only indications of trading activity with Swahili settlements. However, there was much activity in the area itself. The overwhelming evidence for early iron smelting at the Limbo site indicates craft specialization in the very early centuries AD. The evidence for smelting declines in the later periods. Furthermore, indications have been found for the presence of hunter-gatherer groups moving into this area in the early second millennium AD. Bibliogr.