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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Sites and services for low income housing: Turner and the World Bank
Author:Magutu, G.
Periodical:Review of Rural and Urban Planning in Southern and Eastern Africa
Geographic term:developing countries
World Bank
housing policy
Abstract:Instead of asking governments to build and subsidize housing units, housing policy in developing countries now asks governments to incorporate self-help into public housing programmes. The World Bank argues that governments might reduce their investment per household by combining their efforts with the low-income households' investments, and so benefit a larger number of people all together. This is the philosophy on which 'sites and services schemes', as a low-income housing policy, are premised. The central concept of 'sites and services' programmes is the provision of serviced plots. However, even with its registered success, the programme has entailed great costs for the target group. The new alternative approach, especially for low-income households, has been actively promoted by the World Bank, whose thinking on the subject has been greatly influenced by protagonists of 'self-help' housing, among whom J.F.C. Turner has been the chief exponent of the 'self-help' concept. Turner supports a housing approach which is user motivated, referred to as 'community sector'. The major advantage of housing by the community sector is that it limits the use of scarce resources by making use of the readily available resources within the community. This article contrasts and compares Turner's and the World Bank's approach. It appears that the two approaches are distinctly different, despite some similarities. The World Bank's emphasis is on what is supposed to be good for governments, in contrast to Turner's emphasis on the satisfaction of individual user's needs. Bibliogr.