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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Urban farming practices in Tanzania
Author:Mosha, A.C.
Periodical:Review of Rural and Urban Planning in Southern and Eastern Africa
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
urban agriculture
Agriculture, Agronomy, Forestry
Urban land
land use
Agricultural systems
Abstract:In Tanzanian towns rural-type activities in response to government policies to encourage people to supplement their incomes are constantly increasing. Everywhere there is evidence of animal husbandry, market gardening and similar activities. The other rural activity which has crept into towns is farming. Every open space in the towns has been taken up for the planting of all sorts of seasonal or permanent crops, which has led to environmental degradation. Factors leading to urban agriculture include the deteriorating economy; political programmes that have altered the use of urban spaces; cultural values; poor urban management and poor enforcement of planning laws; the easy availability of markets for produce; plentiful supply of empty urban space for agriculture; cheap labour; and availability of extension services for agriculture. Although urban agriculture in Tanzania has a positive impact on employment, it also presents serious problems in the form of health hazards, pollution, traffic problems and environmental degradation. In conclusion, recommendations for ameliorating the environmental problems are offered. Bibliogr.