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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Labour migration in Cameroon Republic
Author:Gwan, E.A.
Periodical:Revue de géographie du Cameroun
Geographic term:Cameroon
Subject:labour migration
Abstract:The experience of Cameroon with the movement of individuals and groups on a temporary basis from their usual places of residence across recognized geographic boundaries to reside in other places within or outside the country for the purpose of work, remunerative in cash or kind, has been long and varied. At first foreign workers were hired on a short-time basis from Europe and from the West African coastal region stretching from Sierra Leone to Nigeria and imported into Cameroon to serve the colonial plantation owners, traders and administration as labourers, carriers, plantation workers, sales clerks, etc. This later evolved into a massive north-south internal stream comprising both spontaneous and sponsored migrations of individuals and groups of short-term and long-term workers bound for the centres that characterize the southern and coastal half of the nation. Internationally, there emerged a trickling flow of Cameroonian labour to the Spanish island of Fernando Po (Equatorial Guinea), then a selective brain drain wave of skilled workers towards Europe, North America, and neighbouring countries, notably Gabon and Nigeria. The implications of labour migration for the national socioeconomic development process and the demography of the country are tremendous, especially in view of the fact that many of these movements, which were originally perceived as temporary and seasonal dislocations, usually ended up in permanent changes of usual residence. Ref., sum. also in French.