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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Early Hominid Behaviour and Culture Tradition: Raw Material Studies in Bed II, Olduvai Gorge
Author:Stiles, Daniel
Periodical:African Archaeological Review
Geographic term:Tanzania
Stone Age
human evolution
Anthropology and Archaeology
External link:https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01117214
Abstract:This paper reports on two studies carried out by M.D. Leakey (1971), R.L. Hay (1976) and the author (1974, 1979) involving an analysis of artifact raw material use in the Early Stone Age in Bed II at Olduvai Gorge (1.6-1.4 myr), Tanzania. The first study shows evidence for the manufacture of chert artifacts at a factory site and the subsequent transport of selected whole flakes to another site for use. Early hominids are thus shown to have been capable of planning a sequence of activities involving raw material extraction, processing, selection and transport for an ultimate use. The transported artifacts are found accumulated at sites associated with animal bones, suggesting that hominids were a principal agent in site formation. The second study demonstrates that the attributes of the artifacts said to differentiate the Developed Oldowan B cultural tradition from the Early Acheulean cultural tradition at Olduvai Gorge are the result of differential raw material use. Bibliogr., sum. also in French.