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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Political Significance of the Early Hermannsburg Mission in Botswana: An Assessment of its Role among Batswana, the British and the Boers
Author:Proske, Wolfgang
Periodical:Botswana Notes and Records (ISSN 0525-5090)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Subjects:missionary history
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
Politics and Government
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Imperialism, Colonialism
Hermannsburg Mission (Botswana)
London Missionary Society
External links:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40979853
Abstract:In 1854 missionaries of the Hermannsburg Mission from northern Germany founded New Hermannsburg in Natal, South Africa. In April 1857 they were invited by M.W. Pretorius, the newly elected president of the Transvaal, to come to the Kwena under Chief Sechele (c. 1810-1892) in Botswana. The background to that call is manifold and complicated. The Hermannsburg missionaries became pawns in a game, in which the rules were given by others: the Boers, the British and the Tswana, i.e. especially the Kwena, the Hurutshe, and later the Ngwato. This article deals with the history of the early Hermannsburg Mission in Botswana from 1857 till 1863/1864. It examines the Mission's share in decisive political events of southern Africa around 1860. From 1857 until 1863-1864 the missionaries of the Hermannsburg Mission existed as shock-absorbers between Boers, the British (especially the London Missionary Society) and some Tswana peoples. After 1861, the general political situation changed, and from that time on there was no longer any need for the Hermannsburg missionaries. Ref.