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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Land Resettlement and Gender in Zimbabwe: Some Findings
Author:Jacobs, Susie M.
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Women's Issues
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Cultural Roles
Law, Legal Issues, and Human Rights
Labor and Employment
Sex Roles
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/160886
Abstract:The author studied the relation between gender and class in six Resettlement Areas (RAs) in Zimbabwe during an eight-month period in 1984 in three northeastern provinces: Central and East Mashonaland, and Manicaland. This article presents some of the findings of this research with reference to 'Model A' or individual-family farming schemes. Of the 206 included in the random selection made of married settlers in eight villages, 99 were women, 66 men, and 41 were female household heads. It was found that the process of 'Model A' resettlement has had mixed implications for women and for gender relations. Some features have been negative, in the sense of worsening women's conditions of life; others have been positive - access to more land, to a greater proportion of crops, and to higher incomes, as well as improvements in the gender division of labour. Where class division were analysed, it emerged that those in different strata had differing experiences. Wives in the 'middle' peasant stratum benefited least from changes in the gender division of labour, and had least influence over household decisionmaking. Notes, ref.