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Conference paper Conference paper Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Mouride traders vs. the State: strategies for the development of international trade in a time of crisis
Author:Ebin, VictoriaISNI
Notes:Communication au colloque 'État et société au Sénégal - crises et dynamiques sociales', org. par CEAN-IFAN, Bordeaux, 22-25 octobre 1991
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:Muslim brotherhoods
informal sector
trade policy
Abstract:The informal sector has played an increasingly important role in the economy of Senegal since the worsening of the economic crisis in the country. Trade in particular has flourished. A crucial factor in the development of informal trade structures has been the government's 1986 policy to liberalize external trade. Import activities which were formerly the domain of Lebanese traders have now been taken over by Senegalese traders, a large number of whom belong to the Mouride brotherhood. This paper explores the role of the brotherhood in the transition to a new way of life in trade. A key factor in Mouride trading activities seems to be their success in creating networks linking distribution points in Dakar to Mouride migrant communities in international wholesale centres. The paper examines how one particular Mouride trading family - the Falls - utilizes its social relations to organize international trading operations.