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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Gap between Promise and Performance: Educational Policy-Making and Implementation in Kenya
Author:Ngau, Margaret M.
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:educational policy
Politics and Government
Education and Oral Traditions
Abstract:Since 1963 education in Kenya has been used as an instrument for transforming the country from a traditional economy into a modern industrial one by creating the necessary skilled manpower. This paper examines how educational policymaking and implementation in Kenya has met two of education's five national objectives, namely the provision of equal educational opportunities and the enhancement of manpower development. After a short overview of educational policy, the paper presents a policy analysis of education since independence (1963-1990), including a description of the country's desegregated school system, the quantitative expansion of education in relation to quality and efficiency, and the school structure, curriculum, and examinations. The conclusion is that there seems to be a dichotomy between those who make policy and those who implement it. Decisions are made somewhere and passed down through a chain of command to the grassroots level for implementation. The implementation process is inevitably ridden with confusion and distaste. Ref.