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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Liberation Committee and Apartheid
Author:Sheth, V.S.
Periodical:Ind-Africana: Collected Research Papers on Africa
Geographic term:South Africa
national liberation movements
African organizations
international organizations
Women's Issues
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Abstract:Liberation from colonial domination, racial discrimination and prejudice is closely connected in the African mind with the Pan-African movement, which arose in the late 19th and early 20th century. After sketching the historical perspective of the African struggle against European domination of Africa, the author turns to an examination of the linkages between apartheid and colonialism in South Africa. The characteristics of the South African apartheid system closely correspond to 'the classic imperialist-colonialist situation in which the ruling class of the dominant nation owns and controls the colonial territory and uses its instruments of force to maintain its economic, political and military supremacy...' This exposť is followed by an examination of the approach of the OAU and the Liberation Committee to apartheid. In 1963, simultaneously with the establishment of the OAU, the Summit Conference of Independent African States established the Coordinating Committee for the Liberation of Africa. Among the tasks of the Liberation Committee were the coordination of financial assistance and the reconciliation of rival liberation movements. Attention is also paid to the 1969 Lusaka Manifesto, the rejection of which by the white regimes in southern Africa led to recommendations for sanctions against South Africa. Notes, ref.