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Book Book Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The challenges of famine relief: emergency operations in the Sudan
Authors:Deng, Francis M.ISNI
Minear, LarryISNI
City of publisher:Washington, DC
Publisher:Brookings Institution
ISBN:081571792X; 0815717911
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:civil wars
Abstract:In the Sudan, prolongued drought, complicated by civil strife and debilitating economic problems, has caused widespread human suffering. This book focuses on the two famine emergencies in the Sudan in the 1980s - the great drought-related famine of 1984-1986 and the conflict-related famine that afflicted the southern Sudan in 1988-1991. The authors analyse the historical and political setting and the response by Sudan authorities and the international community. They outline four problem areas exemplified in the response to each crisis: the external nature of famine relief, the relationship between relief activities and endemic problems, the coordination of such activities, and the ambivalence of the results. The authors identify the difficulties inherent in providing emergency relief to populations caught in circumstances of life-threatening famine. They show how such famine emergencies reflect the most extreme breakdown of social order and present the most compelling imperatives for international action. They also discuss how the international community, alerted by the media and mobilized by the Ethiopian famine, moved in to fill the moral void left by the government and how outside organizations worked together to pressure Sudan's political authorities to be more responsive to these tragedies. Finally, the authors highlight the implications for future involvement in humanitarian initiatives in a new world order.