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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Batswana-Boer War of 1852-53: How the Batswana Achieved Victory
Author:Ramsay, Jeff
Periodical:Botswana Notes and Records (ISSN 0525-5090)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
Military Science, Military Affairs
Batswana Boer War, 1852-53
Tswana (African people)
External links:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40980851
Abstract:Today few Tswana are aware of the importance of the outcome of the Tswana-Boer War of 1852-1853. Botswana's most important armed struggle has been reduced to a footnote in the annals of others. However, the 1852-53 Tswana-Boer War was the seminal event in Botswana's birth as a nation State. During the war the Tswana communities ('merafe') settled west of the Madikwe and Limpopo rivers formed an alliance against the Transvaal Boers. Although the Boers began the hostilities by invading southeastern Botswana, it was they who, nonetheless, soon found themselves on the defensive. After being besieged in their 'laagers' for five months, they sued for peace. For the next quarter of a century, until the imposition of British colonial rule, local Tswana-Boer relations remained peaceful. This paper examines the role of the principal hero of the Tswana-Boer War, namely Kgosi Sechele of the Kwena, the most powerful ruler in Botswana during the 1840s, and the prelude to war; the Battle of Dimawe (August 1852); Tswana retaliatory raids into the Transvaal (South Africa); the negotiations over the 1953 armistice; and the aftermath of the war. Ref.