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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Devonshire Declaration: The Myth of Missionary Intervention
Author:Maxon, Robert M.ISNI
Periodical:History in Africa
Geographic terms:Kenya
Great Britain
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3172065
Abstract:It has long been accepted that the Devonshire Declaration of 1923 represented a clever compromise by which the British government was able to extricate itself from a longstanding controversy surrounding Indian claims for equality with European settlers in Kenya through a statement that African interests were to be paramount in that colony. This article shows that the widely stated view that the doctrine of African paramountcy and other specific details included in the declaration were provided to the Colonial Office by British missionary and church officials, specifically J.H. Oldham, secretary of the International Missionary Council, and Randall Davidson, the Archbishop of Canterbury, is a myth. What the Colonial Office got from the missionary leader was the vital support they needed to sell the policy to influential public opinion in both Britain and India. The myth of missionary intervention is shown to be the result of reliance on only one available source - Oldham's correspondence, neglecting the relevant Colonial Office documents. Notes, ref.