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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Islam and Nationalism: Two Trends of the Separatist Movement in Ethiopia
Author:Krylov, Alexander
Year:1990
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Volume:12
Issue:2-3
Pages:171-176
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:Islam
politics
separatism
Religion and Witchcraft
nationalism
Politics and Government
Ethnic and Race Relations
violence
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43660322
Abstract:The problem of separatism has a particularly destabilizing effect on the developments in the Horn of Africa. This paper examines the history of the separatist movements in Ethiopia from 1961 onward, when the Eritrea Liberation Front (ELF) was formed. Attention is paid to the ELF; the Eritrea People's Liberation Front (EPLF), which had a considerable number of Muslims in its ranks; the West Somalia Liberation Front (WSLF), which acted under the banner of the 'jihad'; the Afar Liberation Front, which fought for an Islamic State of Afar; the Somali Abbo Liberation Front (SALF), which called on the Oromo people to start a 'jihad' against Ethiopia's government; the Revolutionary Struggle of the Oppressed Ethiopians (RSOE, or ENCAT in Amharic); and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). The WSLF is the last remaining separatist movement in Ethiopia which is strongly influenced by Islam. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the influence of the Islamic factor did not grow in the separatist movements in Ethiopia, in contrast to those in many other Oriental countries. Note, ref.
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