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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ganigan War 1881-1882: the Kyadya reaction to the political and economic domination of Bida in the Middle Niger
Author:Idrees, A.A.
Periodical:Nigeria Magazine
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Northern Nigeria
Bida polity
Abstract:Of the five emirates founded in Nupeland in the wake of the Sokoto jihad, Bida experienced the greatest number of internal rebellions. Of these, the Kyadya rebellion was the greatest challenge to Bida, and constituted the most organized and effective uprising, culminating in the Ganigan War of 1881-1882. After a brief description of the sociopolitical organization of the Kyadya before the emergence of the Bida emirate in the mid-nineteenth century, the author examines the political and economic issues which led to the rebellion, and describes the causes of the ensuing war. Contrary to widely held opinions, the Kyadya rebellion was not aimed at the Islamic revivalist activities of Bida jihadists, nor was it instigated by any external force. Rather, the rebellion was a reaction to Bida's political and economic domination of a territory which had been autonomous for centuries. However, the Kyadya rebels failed to understand that it was not only Bida that was exploiting the economic and other advantages of the middle Niger basin, but also the European merchants. Hence, as soon as the Kyadya struck, the two interest groups allied their forces and declared war. The Kyadya were defeated in 1882 and Bida incorporated their territories into the emirate system. Ref.