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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:State Intervention, Contradictions and Agricultural Stagnation in Tanzania: Cashew Nut versus Charcoal Production
Author:Nindi, B.C.
Periodical:Public Administration and Development
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:agricultural crisis
agricultural policy
cashew nuts
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
External link:https://doi.org/10.1002/pad.4230110204
Abstract:This article first describes Tanzania's development ideology and main economic activities. It explains the economic decline of the country and against this background it examines the stagnation of cashew nut production in Rufiji District in order to illuminate the contradictions in the Tanzanian agricultural sector. In the 1960s, cashew nuts were a major foreign exchange earner. In Rufiji District the production of cashew nuts showed a decline from 6,500 tons per annum in 1973-1974 to 1,276 tons per annum in 1977-1978. The reasons for this decline include the villagization drive of 1974, as a result of which people were moved to villages far from their cashew nut fields; stagnant producer prices; plant disease and lack of replanting of trees; inappropriate husbandry of trees. As a consequence, production shifted to other crops, notably charcoal. An additional reason for this shift was the experience of the peasantry with a completely new marketing structure which provided immediate returns. In February 1979 the government launched a campaign to revitalize cashew nut production, but it did not produce the desired results. The article shows how peasant producers managed to avoid State policies and pursue their own priorities. Bibliogr., sum.