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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Government's agricultural policy and rural development in Nigeria: the case of Bendel State 1964-1988
Author:Dibua, J.I.ISNI
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs (ISSN 0856-0056)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Nigeria
West Africa
Subjects:rural development
agricultural policy
Management, Public Administration
Agriculture and state
Bendel State (Nigeria)
Abstract:Successive administrations in Nigeria have not taken meaningful steps to improve the conditions of the rural majority. This paper examines the contribution of agricultural policy to rural development in Bendel State for the period 1964-1988. Agricultural policy was based on two approaches - the transformation approach and the improvement approach. The main features of the transformation approach, which involved the establishment of large-scale cooperative schemes such as farm settlements and school leavers' farms, and large-scale capital intensive State-owned farms, plantations and ranches, were the infusion of capital intensive technologies and central management, and a mobilization and training of an unskilled labour force, by removing people from their villages. The improvement approach comprised a series of efforts coming under the broad heading of extension services, largely directed at peasant farmers. No attempt was made to radically alter the traditional institutional environment of farmers. It is shown that the State's agricultural policy did not result in rural development. In fact, the emphasis on the transformation approach only resulted in a colossal waste of money. An essential part of alternative strategies should be a mass-line policy, which involves the mobilization of the rural masses as the central motive force in rural development. Bibliogr., ref.