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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Development planning and the administration of development in Swaziland: the gap between theory and reality
Author:Dlamini, M.P.
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Swaziland - Eswatini
Southern Africa
Subjects:economic policy
national plans
Economics, Commerce
development planning
developing countries
economic recession
Abstract:Although there are many causes of Africa's poor record of economic development, there is almost universal consensus that a vast gap exists between 'the theoretical benefits and practical results of development planning', and that 'there have been many more failures than successes in the implementation of development plans'. This paper examines the nature and limitations of development planning in Swaziland. First, the planning machinery is analysed. After examining the country's development policies and objectives from the Post-Independence Development Plan (1969-1972) to the Fourth National Development Plan (1983-1988), the article concludes with an analysis of the causes of the gap between theory and reality in development planning. In Swaziland, the gap between promise and reality in development planning is caused by an array of problems. These range from weak planning machinery at the central and local government levels, lack of adequate coordination between ministries and departments, poor planning budgeting procedures and methods, and the absence of formal links between the government and the private sector, to inadequate manpower resources, and poor coordination and communication within the diarchical political and administrative system. Notes, ref.