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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Does the T & V (Training and Visit Extension) Extension Assist Female-Headed Families? Some Recent Evidence from Zambia
Authors:Due, Jean M.ISNI
Sikapande, Enock
Magayans, Flavianus
Periodical:Eastern Africa Economic Review
Geographic term:Zambia
Subjects:female-headed households
agricultural extension
Women's Issues
Development and Technology
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Education and Oral Traditions
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
Abstract:With the encouragement and funding of the World Bank, the government of Zambia initiated a training & visit (T & V) extension system in Eastern Province as a pilot project in 1983-1984. Under the T & V system, extension agents at the farmer level meet a supervisor every two weeks for information to relay to contact farmers during the next week. These contact farmers, in turn, are supposed to relay the same information to noncontact farmers, with each contact farmer responsible for 10-20 noncontact farmers. The present article reports on the effects of T & V on contact, noncontact and female-headed smallholder families in Eastern Province, and on how T & V is perceived in each case, on the basis of a study undertaken during the summer of 1987 covering the 1986 crop year. The findings indicate that contact farmers benefited more from T & V than noncontact farmers, and that female-headed households benefited least. Suggestions as to how T & V can be improved to reach farmers and to respond to the needs of female-headed households conclude the article. Bibliogr., sum.