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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Deracialised urbanisation: a critique of the new urban strategies and some policy alternatives from a democratic perspective
Author:Swilling, M.ISNI
Periodical:Urban Forum
Geographic term:South Africa
urban planning
External link:https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF03036572.pdf
Abstract:This paper examines four examples of the new urban policy thinking in South Africa that proceed from the starting point that race is dysfunctional to the economic order and that a deracialized capitalism is the most preferable outcome: 1) A new vision of the city developed at an ideological level by the Urban Foundation's Urbanization Unit; 2) The Loan Guarantee Initiative announced by the Urban Foundation in October 1989; 3) The 3 billion rand Special Fund initiative announced by F.W. De Klerk in March 1990; 4) The new municipal finance system developed by the Development Bank of South Africa in response to the Soweto rent boycott. The importance of immediately coming to grips with this package is that it can be a unique opportunity with major positive consequences for urban communities. The opinion of the present author is that participation in the Special Fund created in March 1990 by F.W. De Klerk would offer the best opportunities. The first part of this paper demonstrates that all the components of the new urban policy thinking proceed from an assumption that racially based State interventionist urban policies can be replaced by market-based non-Statist urban policies that will allocate resources according to class rather than racial criteria. The second part proposes an alternative democratic urban policy framework that, if adopted by the mass-based organizations, could result in a socially just outcome for the oppressed urban communities. Notes, ref.