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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The 1991 Census and Botswana's Population Problem
Author:Vanderpost, Cornelius
Periodical:Botswana Notes and Records (ISSN 0525-5090)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Subjects:population growth
Politics and Government
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Population censuses
External links:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40979915
Abstract:The preliminary results of the 1991 population census record an estimated population for Botswana of 1,325,000. In 1971, the country had only 597,000 inhabitants. This implies that in twenty years time the population has more than doubled. Since 1904, when the population was estimated at 120,778, a tenfold increase has taken place. This paper describes the nature of Botswana's population explosion and the reasons for it: high fertility and declining mortality. Then it describes the consequences of rapid population growth for a developing country such as Botswana: it retards investment into productive sectors of the economy; it makes it increasingly difficult to meet the social needs of the growing population with existing resources; and it puts pressure upon environmental resources such as land, water and forests to the point that environmental degradation sets in. Botswana still has a fairly small population and a growing economy. A well-executed and properly implemented population policy is needed to guarantee a future Botswana with a small population living at a reasonable standard of living in a natural environment managed on a sustainable basis. Bibliogr.