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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Dilemmas of development in rural institutions in sub-Saharan Africa
Author:Nindi, B.C.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:popular participation
agricultural cooperatives
rural development
Institution building
Social participation
Abstract:Two central considerations seem to have led African leaders to believe that agricultural institutions subsumed under central government control are more appropriate and more reliable than private voluntary organizations, possibly based on lineage and extended-family connections. First, rural producers have been regarded as not being capable of raising their standard of living without the constant protection of the State (the paternalistic bias). Second, the use of public institutions has been considered as the best way to make small-scale rural producers efficient instruments of government policies and programmes, particularly those geared towards increasing agricultural exports and public revenues (the instrumentalist bias). However, many agricultural cooperatives have failed because the control model has led to the alienation of poor peasant producers. In the absence of participatory decisionmaking poor peasant producers do not consider themselves as genuine members of these institutions. It is within this context that the problems of rural agricultural institutions are examined and the significance of the participation of poor peasants is discussed and clues to its realization proposed. Bibliogr., sum.