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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Structural Adjustment and Women in Zimbabwe
Authors:Kanji, NazneenISNI
Jazdowska, NikiISNI
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:economic policy
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
Women's Issues
Labor and Employment
Development and Technology
Cultural Roles
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/03056249308703982
Abstract:This article is based on a research project which examines the gender-specific effects of the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) which was introduced in Zimbabwe in January 1991. In mid-1991, the first phase of the project was initiated with 120 randomly selected households in Kambuzuma, Harare's first site and service scheme for Africans. This phase, the subject of the present article, provided the baseline data on the economic and social situation of the households with a follow-up study of a subsample of households after a period of six months. The article pays attention to the effects of structural adjustment on food consumption, education, health services, employment and income-generating activities, and leisure and social activities. Although the research is still in progress, it is already clear that urban households have been extremely negatively affected by ESAP, with women faring even worse than men. Current policy trends which emphasize the effectiveness of women's coping strategies overestimate the extent to which women can compensate for low wages, rising prices and declining employment opportunities. The authors argue that there is little evidence to support the claim of the World Bank and the government that the negative effects of ESAP are transitional. Bibliogr., sum.