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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:African literature in Portuguese: from cultural dualism to the defence of utopia
Author:Ven‚ncio, Josť CarlosISNI
Year:1989
Periodical:Wasafiri
Issue:10
Pages:4-6
Language:English
Geographic term:Portuguese-speaking Africa
Subjects:literature
Portuguese language
Abstract:African literature in Portuguese is not homogeneous. In its origin there are different intellectual experiences. Whereas the Cape Verdian people were initially considered Portuguese, the Angolans, Guineans and Mozambicans were considered indigenous and, therefore, of an inferior culture, language and life-style. This cultural dualism differentiates the literatures of Angola and Mozambique from that of Cape Verde on the one hand, and, on the other hand, explains their proximity to the African context. The author distinguishes three courses of cultural and literary consciousness in Portuguese-speaking Africa: the experience of the Cape Verdian intellectuals (beginning with the 'Claridade' generation); the experience of the African students in Lisbon (beginning with Agostinho Neto) and the experience of the Luanda group, which was composed mainly of whites. During the 60s and 70s, Angolan writers, especially those of the Luanda group, developed a style consisting of a combination of Portuguese elements and elements from traditional oral literature. Angolan literature is typically African and, unlike Cape Verdian and Mozambican literature, witnessed an expansion of production after independence. Note, ref.
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