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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Merchant Friars in North Africa: The Trade in Christian Captives
Author:Friedman, Ellen G.ISNI
Year:1987
Periodical:Maghreb Review
Volume:12
Issue:3-4
Period:May-August
Pages:94-98
Language:English
Geographic term:Maghreb
Subjects:Christian orders
prisoners of war
mercantile history
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
Abstract:Muslims from North Africa had captured Spaniards and held them for ransom ever since the first Moorish invasion of Spain in the eighth century, and from that time the Christians had devised various means of ransoming them. At the beginning of the thirteenth century, the Mercedarians and Trinitarians, religious orders dedicated to the redemption of captives, were instituted in Spain. These orders combined the function of the merchant-ransomers with religious concerns. In the sixteenth century, after the Christians had completed the reconquest of Spain, the attention of the redemptionist friars was directed entirely to North Africa and the level of their activities increased. This article reviews these activities during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. Notes, ref.
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