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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:State Education Policy and the Social Reproduction of the Urban African Working Class: The Case of the Southern Transvaal, 1955-1976
Author:Hyslop, JonathanISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:labour force
black education
educational policy
Education and Oral Traditions
Politics and Government
Labor and Employment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2636485
Abstract:Between its establishment in 1955, and the beginnings of its collapse in the student rebellion of 1976, the Bantu Education system significantly restructured the patterns of social reproduction of South Africa's urban African working class. This paper examines this restructuring process. It argues, firstly, that Bantu education has to be understood as a system which helped reproduce differentiated forms of labour power. The system underpinned the gap that opened up between urbanized and migrant labour forces, and in its later years increasingly generated varying types of labour power within the urban work force. The paper thus criticizes the view of the apartheid social order as reproducing only one type of labour power, that of the temporary migrant worker. Secondly, Bantu Education is not viewed as a static entity, but as a policy which underwent significant changes as the outcome of social conflicts over education. These conflicts predominantly occurred within and between various capitalist interests and various arms of the State. But the dominated classes' expression of their interests in various forms also affected education policy. Notes, ref.